The Great Mosque at Cordoba: Unique Architectural Features
The Great Mosque at Cordoba architecture essay
The Great Mosque at Cordoba also known as “The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption” was built with a combination of Moorish and Christian Architecture styles. The building commenced in 784 AD and was completed in 989 AD architects and Artisans has been adding architectural features until late 18th century.
The architect introduced use of tent like pillars which supports the building and introduced house shoe shaped arch above the lower pillars. The bricks which were used to design the arch are white and red which provided harmonious red and white strips which provide a distinctive character and unity to the design of the mosque (Bohme, 2010). The building is supported by over 856 pillars which were initially 1,293 but has been reduced over the years when the building was renovated.
The mosque has small oil lights which provide lighting effect which is combined with natural light. The building has a lot of marble and granite collections which were obtained from the roman temple and other ancient roman buildings which were destroyed.The building has a rich gilded prayer niches which is an architecture design feature which is known as Mihrab. Mihrab had two functions; it was used to amplify the words of the Imam who is the Islamic leader and also indicated the direction of Mecca (Fletcher, 2009). These two functions were used in Islamic worship before the mosque was ceased to be a church.
Most of the architectural features resembles great mosque of Damascus, its wall has Quranic inscription which is written on them which were used by the Muslims who were worshiping there. The floor plan is parallel to most of earliest mosques because those ancient times mosques were designed by architects to follow a certain inclination to simply indentify the direction of Mecca (Meri and Bacharach, 176). The floor plan had a big hall which was used for worship and teaching of the Islamic law and any other laws which should have been abided.