Over the last decade the social movement has been inspired and propelled forward despite radical opposition from different parties. Although the social movement has been marred with lot of challenges, this is mostly especially in the health care which has been confronted with myriad means that have institutionalized all form of oppression and has been embedded in the nation’s financial and social foundations.
However, with the consideration of the social movement history or the changes from below in the reform process, there has been demand for universal health care programs that has influenced these form radical reforms (Derickson, 1994). However, major reform campaigns for national health care in the 20th century has been executed by the elite, they were mainly concerned with defeating the attacked launched by the interest groups rather than the welfare of the population. However, through this drives the health care movement also gained popularity and the transformation was commenced after the drives turned to movement that led to the universal health care reforms.
The health care reforms have seen a lot of radical changes that has even influenced the new amendment by the new president Barrack Obama Health Bill Act. There has been other recommendable improvement on the health care although in the United State this sector is marred and deterred implementation by the political involvement. The political atmosphere has taken this social movement into choke hold using it as a means to gain political millage. This has created a gap between the health care reformers and the elite (politicians and other interested elite parties), the result has left the reform movement with a lot of issues like lack of knowledge, popular exclusion of reform constituencies, lack of grassroots health drives and strategies and lack of reproductive feminist rights and AIDS drugs followed by many limitation that dissuades reforms in the health care reforms. However, in the areas that there has been credible achievement it has been politically feasible than from the radical reforms that are lodged by the social movement reformers of national health care (Guigni, Et al. 1999).
Usually sociological theories are usually referred to as very intricate hypothetical and mechanical scheme that is utilized in the explanation and analyzing of subjects of the social edification. When conducting sociological theories the use of theory is mainly to inform discussion through epistemological as the most valid method of execution (Shilling, 1993).
Functionalism theory impact on Health care
Functionalism theory mainly addresses how society facets need to integrate in the workforce so that they may perform fully as a whole. According to Hoffman (2002) this theory ascertains that every society facets are mutually dependent and abet in the society performance as one unit. The best example is that the state offers health care to the children of the society and they in turn pay taxes which keeps the states functional. This is also that the society is dependant on the health care institutions for the good health of their children to grow and have good jobs that would in turn raise and sustain their own families, they will in the process be paying taxes that the state is dependant.
This theory impact the health care in curing and assisting in maintaining good health of the functioning of the society and individuals. This theory however can make incurable conditions and disability that are normally classified as just sick appear to be deviant. The impact that this theory has on the link between disability and social deviance support the governance of proficiently restricted health care services for the disabled group. Under this theory there are variants that underlie programs which allege to facilitate devalued groups (disabled) to live ethnically appreciated lives. This theory confuses injury and disability within the scope of the sick roles; this is done by failing to distinguish that disabled person have nothing wrong but only produces biased norms and values, instead of tackling the economics and cultural implication that impulsive them (Ritzer & Goodman, 2004).
Conflict theory impact on Health care
Conflict theory usually hub on the capability of some people to rule over others or have the capability of resisting such dominance. This theory addresses how emotional symptoms and individual mannerism are intricate elucidation to the conflict of the mind. This theory impact health care reforms when the politician are deviance to reforms that are advocated by interested parties or reformers. This capability of the politician to rule over the reformers because they have superiority has been met though with deviant by the activist that have been advocating for radical changes in this sector (Foweraker & Landman, 1997). However, the politician have adapted an adaptive model that balances the conflict by offering less adaptive elucidation and this they use to confuse the population that they have devised means for a proper health care reforms.
Siding with the reformist conflict theory allows each reforming organization to perform on their own to facilitate the reform struggles which would benefit the overall change in the revolutionary of the health care reforms in the united state. This theory is usually applied when addressing conflict between health care reformers and politicians. This theory differentiates individual role from the whole society roles. This is well elaborated by how a single politician (elite) dictates the outcome of thousand peoples. The health care movement is controlled by the elite who dictate how the reforms shall be executed, the society is then supposed to offer support to this kind of dictatorship for they are the one that put them in power. However, if the society or the reformer obstructs the elite then they are considered deviant and the elite tries to oppress them so that they may retain power through oppression. Conflict theory is impacted in health care reform by reformist who struggle with the government to achieve what is good for the community (Hoffman, 2002).
Interactionism theory impact on Health care
Interactionism theory is mainly concerned with as a basis for the whole society the analysis of the people interface. This are the symbols and details that are in our everyday life what they signify and the occurrences in our lives. In health care interactionism theory is relevant in addressing patient with terminal illness mostly mentally. Derickson (1994) asserts that this is in the sense that the patient views him/herself the way the society views them, when they perceive them as being mentally and physically handicapped they coin this perception and view themselves being this way. This is the same way that the society are made to view that reform in health care is hard to achieve and they should be contend with the little effort made by the elite, and they actually comply because the elite make them feel inferior.
Similarities of the Sociological theories
There is very little similarity between the three sociological theories the only objective that these three theory harbors that may have similarity are the result that is required to be gained from the analysis. This is because all the theories are critics that criticize each other and also the subject they are analyzing. Thus it is right to say that the only similarity that this have is that they are convoluted imaginary and perfunctory schemes which are devised for the explanation and analyzing of subjects of the social learning (Parsons, 1991).
Differences of the Sociological theories
There is a wide gap in differences between the sociological theories, this is usually accounted for because the goals and objectives of the three theories are negating. First and foremost functionalism theory which is also known as the positivism fosters an account that is usually a positive one which is also fostered little by interactionism theory, however conflict theory or critic theory refutes this claims by the other theories (Ritzer & Goodman, 2004). This usually aligned this way that the v functionalism theory is appraising the society while conflict theory is blaming the society for the things that are happening, interactionism theory then tries to observe the reasons that may be affected the society. Interactionism theory tries to comprehend while the other theories trying to revolutionize and other praising the society for the changes that they seem that are fit for the community. Thus the fundamental differences that are fisted by the three sociological theories are trying to revolutionize and trying to comprehend.
Usually functionalism theory has been accredited with defending the status quo and the positive facets of the society which aid to stabilize it, where else conflict theory put up a resistance on the status quo. From these facets interactionism theory enters and tries to understand the basic factors that generate micro-level interaction and neglects macro social structures and thus the name symbolic interactionist is offered (Shilling, 1993).
How the Sociological theories affects the views of the individual in the health care
Usually sociological theories usually identifies the effect which makes it possible for individual for be fit in living in the society. This has been the key idea in the 20th century in the domination of the American society; in this state this has been conformed to health care reformist to achieve the desired outcome of their demands. The sociological theory has been used to add value to the human lives, like basically in the U.S there has been development that were designed to comprehend a society theoretically that would be responsible for modernity emergence which they had to centralize on socialization as the major component. The major interest was mainly to try and evaluate the distinctive affiliation of the society and the individual (Hoffman, 2002).
Sociological theories prepares the individual for all the major responsibilities that they will participate in the reforming of the health care, this provides them with appropriate beliefs, values and habit, and incorporate them with the best emotional retort guide with compatible insight approach, they are further equipped with the essential expertise and knowledge. So that the communication does not discontinue then the sociological theories offers individual with stability and perseverance. In the health care there has been discrimination against individualism and this has been diffused by the sociological theories that have incorporated these facets with excessive approval into modern health care system (Guigni, Et al. 1999).
How the Sociological theories affect the approach of health care social change
There has been accredited series of cultural and social changes that has been associated with raise in the health care system. There is long history of the American health care; however the most tremendous socio-economic and technical change that has been recorded since the nineteenth century is the emergence of the health care system. The marketing of the health care system has been accredited with the well being of the society in the United State, this has been appraised for bringing radical changes in the society as now the society are able to afford health care services which were in the 18th century are very costly affair. The social change brought about by this factor have been also spread in other sectors of economics development this is because now the population are healthy and they can be able to give back to the government by working more and generating income which the government taxes and gain finances that sustains them (Parsons, 1991).
The social changes that have been effected by sociological theories input on health care has had high value to the society in general. This is viewed by sociologist as the key feature to proper approach of modernity in good health of the society. This is usually accredited with the cultivation of the health care system designed to promote health consciousness and self expression of reformed agendas. According to Tarrow (1994) the key element that promotes this transition is the fact that there is transformation from tradition top modern form of social relations; this is where social changes are not limited by the rules of the traditional community lifestyle, but are governed by a different approach of health care social change. There recently has been demand for medical attention on the society and this has even entered into the cosmetic division where nowadays society is using health care system for beautification all this has been enacted through social changes in the health care system.
Social movement has been accredited with numerous achievements in the health care reforms. Through sociological theories there has been exploration of new ideology that helps understand the society stand on health care. The hospice approach that this study has taken has helped revolutionize the health care reform and achieve major objectives that could not have been achieved because of political oppression. New theories minds, pain and bodies has been evaluated to achieve a positivist solution that favors individual and society at large. These approaches has helped elevate the life of the human race nor only in America but globally through management and research.