Social Structure Essay: Social Interaction, Social Groups
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Social Structure is the relations or bonds formed between groups or individuals into predictable patterns of social interaction (the way in which people respond to each other). The patterns are independent of an individual and they exert a force which shapes behavior and identity.
Social structure is the relationship of people or groups to one another, acquired from behavior and attitudes in a society. The forming parts being, culture, the role one plays in the society from the position held in society, social class or groups and the institutions.
Culture is the ideas customs, language, norms, beliefs and the art of a particular group in society (Schaefer, 2008). it is a people’s ways of life. Social class is formed by people in the similar income, education and or in the same profession. Social groups are formed by those who identify and interact with one another and who share common interests. Institutions are organized to meet basic needs of society and include institutions like family, religion, and people in the same profession, who form professional groups like, lawyers and accountants.
Social interaction is a relationship between two or more individuals. This interaction will depend on; the way that people will act according to the way an issue has meaning on them that occurs when one interacts with the individual and he interprets each situation differently according to his environment (Corvette, 2006).
Social interactions refer to the idea that the results of an action an individual receives depends directly on the choices of others in that individual’s social group. This is referred to as a spillover by Steven N. Durlov and William A. Brock in their paper Discrete Choice with Social Interactions. “When these spillovers are positive in the sense that the payoff for particular action is higher, for one agent when others behave similarly, the presence of social interactions will induce a tendency for conformity in behavior across members of a reference group.
Conflict theory is a Marxist theory. It emphasizes on importance of interests over norms and values. The theory is opposed to the dominance and the emphasis previously given to structural functionalism.
In criminology, social, and economic sources are the primary causes of crime. The justice system is based on imposing morality and good behavior in the society.
In his paper “Social Integration and System Integration,” David Lockwood says that there can be two system integrations and the two can be distinguished. There is system integration, that refers to relationships between different parts of the social system, the economy and political system and social integration which refers to norms and values (Criminology.fsu.edu, 2005). He believes that social integration can exist without system integration. This is proved by the fact that a fail in the economy in a society will not necessarily mean a fail in the social integration.
Homelessness is a situation where a person does not have anywhere to live and no shelter. A person learns to socialize and interact with others from his immediate family. A child will learn to socialize from his parents, and until he is grown and even after, his basic socialization will be his parents.
He will learn the parent’s culture, culture being the foundation of social structure; the education he gets from the parents will be the basis to form his social status.
For the homeless, there is no permanency, so it is very difficult to learn how to socialize. A child may be moved from one foster home to another or from one orphanage to another. The time spent there maybe too short for the child to form and pick any habits that make him socialized to that culture.