Response Questions Essay
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According to Plato’s views, he believes that the society consists of three distinct social classes: the They must be very courageous and take orders to defend their society without considering their safety. people, rulers, and soldiers. The rulers formulated laws that governed the society. They had power above other social classes and thus had the role of presiding over their subjects and participating in decision making process.
They are therefore expected to be people of higher integrity and must posses the virtue of wisdom in order to make wise decisions and judgment. The soldiers are charged with the responsibilities of safe guarding the society against internal and external enemies. The rest of the society members are expected to show moderation virtue. They should serve and follow their master instead of serving their own interests. According to Plato, the future rulers, soldiers and the common people will be determined by the current position of their parents.
The basic functions of the state are to formulate, implement and enforce laws and orders that are mainly geared to protect its citizen’s rights and the property. One of the major characteristic of the states is that they typically last for more than one generation even if the present citizen’s welfares are not maximized. It is therefore evident that the well-being of the state is not desirable on its own.
I agree with Aristotle’s idea that people who do not participate in governance should not be citizen. Since government is by the people and for the people, every citizen is expected to participate in nation building process. It does not necessarily require that a person must directly hold a public office to participate, but acts like tax payment directly involves an individual in governance.
Aquinas in his work identified and distinguished four different types of laws: natural, eternal, man-made, and divine. According to him, the natural law basically guided the human behavior. Eternal law was a symbol of God’s law generally for the Shebang. Man-made laws are formulated by man to meet the requirements of the natural law in relation to the ever changing societal settings and people’s demands. Lastly, the divine laws based its ideas on the scriptural teachings.
In the absence of a proper governance system, a person will not give up to anyone who blocks him/her from satisfying its needs. Civil authority is a form of government whose main aim is to unite people into a society through mutual consent. They agree to be dictated by certain laws and to perform their signed roles in the society in order to protect each other from fraud, violence, or negligence.
For a society to be successful, it should be governed by the general will of its citizens. A sovereign is a collective being who is represented by an individual. This therefore cannot alienate sovereignty if it is actually exercised by everyone’s common interest. However, it should be made clear that the general will can be affected by the rulers’ commands. According to Locke, inalienable rights are those rights that a person is absolutely entitled to and can never be taken away from them. He argues that, one is at liberty to do anything for itself and this is only bounded by the equal right of other people who are entitled to do the same.
Comparing anarchy and dictatorship forms of governance, I would chose anarchy. Though it is only limited to a group of people as leaders, they may have good governance skills that would ensure everybody’s prosperity in the society. Dictatorship governance is full of greed and the citizen’s interests are really served by their leaders.
Tacit consent is used when there is a need to protect the entire consent process. The researcher is at liberty to inform the participants of the rights, benefits and procedures. The participants are issued with the information sheet containing the data but no signature, name and personal identifications are collected. Permission is only guaranteed when the participants willingly gives out the information.
The laws stipulated by any society states that, all people have equal rights in the society. They should enjoy equal rights such as the right to own property. When a survey on how wealth is distributed in a given society is conducted, it is of no doubt that a clear line that separates the rich from the poor will be drawn easily. Although the law subject them to equal rights to own property some people are still found to own much than their counterparts in the same societal setting.