Family Determinants of Health Behaviors
Guiding Family-based Obesity gives an insight on various preventive efforts especially in children from low income in United States. In this case, Marilyn Town send, Lena among other authors in their International journal of child and adolescent health have carried out a thorough research on the behaviors that we have to measure in order to cope with this obesity.
According to this journal pediatric overweight prevention measures are highly addressed. There are various determinant and assessment methods that help an individual to avoid developing obesity. Families with young children as well as low income families in United States are advised on their mode of nutrition (Townsend & Kaiser, 2005). Moreover, in this journal a number of assessment tools have been developed. These include the following: behaviors, income status and age of the child as well as nutrition. The determinants of obesity which defines the diet, types of activities that one engages in as well as preventive measures are crucial to adhere with.
From the research conducted others factors may also contribute to obesity. This include: the length of sleep that a child has per day, the number of hour that a child takes per day to while watching a television. It was found out that about 40% of child from low income families have a television set in their room (Albertson & Anderson, 2002). Thus, television viewing was also a major determinant. In addition, sweetened beverages such as soda and calcium or dairy behaviors, fruit and vegetables, restaurant prepared food, types of food taken during breakfast as well as degree of energy density present in the food also contribute to obesity in pre-school children. It also worthy to note the researchers focused on low income earners.
On the other hand, the studies stipulated that dietary fiber intake in children or adolescent is also very risk and may lead to development of obesity. This also affects adolescents. This includes high intake of fiber foods, eating fruits in large quantities, RTE cereals. Other children have developed a behavior of “picky eating”. Thus, they tend to prefer energy dense diet. It is also advisable for one to skip a breakfast, as this be associated with reduced fiber intake and hence decrease the level of developing obesity. Dietary fat may also be associated with obesity. Lack of regular physical activity is also a major determinant of obesity in children as well as in adolescent. From the research conducted, it was evident that health behaviors such as the type of diet, activities as well as level of living are some of the issues that contributed to obesity in United States.
Family Functioning and Obesity Risk Behaviors is another journal that focuses on the implications for Early Obesity Intervention. This research has been done by the following authors: Li Ming Wen, Judy M. Simpson, Louise A. Baur, Chris Rissel and Victoria M. Flood. The authors have addressed issues related to overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study is to identify whether maternal obesity can be associated with family functioning. In addition, the study comes up with informed measures to be incorporated in early intervention of obesity. From various studies carried, it was evident that obesity is contributed by unhealthy family functioning. On the same, consumption of soft drinks in large quantities, fast foods as well as small screen time are family related issues that were associated with obesity. The main subjects of the study were mothers whose families-related behaviors were investigated. The report showed that about 36% of the mothers interviewed had at least one risk behavior. Therefore, the researchers concluded that in the process of developing measures to intervene in cases of obesity and overweight, family functioning should be given priority.