Envirnoment and Ethics
Moral philosophy also called ethics is a branch of philosophy that tries to explain the acceptable application of moral concept such as wrong or right, bad or good and the theory of the application or nature of the ideas. Ethics can be divided into meta-ethics, normative and applied ethics.
Meta-ethics is concerned with determining the nature of moral notions and judgments through the analysis of the semantic and coherent aspects of moral. Major theories include moral realism, prescriptivism, and naturalism. I accept the realism position; moral realism is a meta-ethical view which claims that ethical sentences should express propositions which must be made factual by objective features of the world and independent of the individual opinion. Moral realism stands in opposition to all forms of moral anti-realism because it treats moral propositions as objective facts. Ethical naturalism is a form of moral realism where it is believed that the way things are the way things should to be. And it has also argued that humankind needs to advance in their science of ethical, although the existence of such a science is debated. It is very clear that goodness is ultimately just pleasure.
Value in ethics can be explained as the degree of importance of something with the aim of determining what life, action is best to live. Mountain gorillas are very valuable. They help the historians to explain the evolution of man and are also tourist attraction which can earn country revenue hence participating in markets. They fall under the valuable environmental goods that should be persevered by the environmental groups through privatization to protect their elimination.
Normative ethics is the part of moral philosophy that deals with the determining the criteria of what is morally wrong or right. It further involves the formulation of moral standards that have a direct repercussion for what human actions and ways of life should be like. There are two principles of normative ethics that is teleological and deontological. The deontological theory is very appropriate in dealing with the environmental issues. The theory explains that an action will be considered ethically well due to the characteristics of the action, not that the product of the action is good. Some acts are morally essential despite of their consequences for human wellbeing.
For example, due to the improve technology human being has become mobile and because of this they have invented the use of automobiles which uses chemicals that pollutes environment. Despite the consequences of using these automobile they still need them to carry out their duties and their daily life well. Another example is that if people buy furniture made from tropical hardwood, the issue of deforestation will come up which will be a major problem to the environment.
Yet, for the human to live their lives completely they need to satisfy their requirements. In doing so they will still use the tropical hardwoods despite the looming problem in environment. The United State in 1973 passed the Endangered Species Act, which was aimed at promoting the extinction of some species with a presume value that are deeper than considering about human health or superiority of life. Which lead to an exaggeration that environmental protection agency has changed to public health agency.