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Physician Practice and Regulations

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Public Duties of a Physician

  • Vital Statistics: The physicians will take the duty and the responsibility to collecting data and statistics on number of deaths in the hospital facility, fetal deaths, induced terminations of pregnancies among others.
  • Treatment and Care of Patients: It is the duty of the physicians to see that the needs of the patients are put into consideration. The physicians should attend to patients as required and provide care according to guidelines.  
  • Public Health Statutes: It is the responsibility and duty of the physician to concern himself or herself to issues dealing with public health and assist where necessary to notify on the status of diseases such as those that are communicable. The physicians shall collaborate with other members to make sure that their departments provide up to date information relating to the tracking of public health and its recent status. The laws provide that the physicians must be concerned in receiving injuries reported to them such as child, elder and spousal abuse, in addition to identifying the abuse itself. Physicians are responsible to overseeing the implementation of the drug acts during release of the drugs fro public use, such as testing and approving the drugs according to proper guidelines.
  • Delegating Responsibility and the Supervising the assistant physicians: Physician assistant exist tosupplement the work of the physician where for example the latter is present for only one or two days in a week. The work must be carried according to the state laws and direction by the physicians and other medical professionals (U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2009) as well as the laws of the country. The physician is taxed with a duty to see that the assistant supervisor carries out his duties satisfactorily. The importance of checking out whether assistant physicians adhere to the set out guidelines and procedures, as well as ethical treatment should be emphasized. Each physician will be in charge of a minimum of three assistants whom he must supervise and be accountable for. Organizing different programs such as seminars and training in order to boost the professionalism of the workers is also the responsibilities of the physicians.   
  • Reporting, Recording and keeping records on treatment and the carrying out of research: There are other activities that are essential and which relate to the carrying out of research for the benefit of the patients, and the public in general. The physicians should see that clear records on illnesses and trends are kept after reporting of these incidences. Research is based on the need by the hospital for various purposes. The physician stands to assist and provide the necessary information relating to treatment and public health to aid research, in addition to participating in the actual research.   

Laws

The importance of compliance with legal guidelines in the physician practice has been of interest to avoid the related complications such as criminal prosecution and civil litigation among others. These regulations guide tax, labor for the healthcare organizations, licensing, accreditation, free-splitting laws, and self-referral. The above guideline has been provided and considers federal and state laws. There are either federal or state laws that govern the practice of the physicians. These law exist to provide that the practice be ethical and of good quality. Federal and state laws have played an important role in recognition of such institution as American Medical Association (AMA) and physician associations which have shaped the regulation and participated in its formulation in the medical scenery (Schwartz, 2007). They give important guidelines as relating to the qualifications of the physicians and their assistants, as well as deal with the rights of individuals relating to the choice of treatment and payment issues. On public health for example, instead of suing vaccine manufactures and providers, citizens killed or injured by vaccines would receive a no-fault compensation as provided by the federal laws (National Childhood vaccine act of 1986) (Physicians’ public duties and responsibilities, n.d.). State laws governing practice of physicians are important in ensuring that local state needs relating to patient and public health are considered.

They may differ from federal laws because of local conditions and preferences such as much exposure to drugs than other states leading to stricter guidelines on drug issuance. Federal laws oversee important matters that cut across the nation, and those that are not mentioned or ignored by the state laws. In addition, state laws may be conflicting as relates to issues cutting across the border, and federal laws may be important in solving the differences. For example, sale and the use of drugs in the United States are regulated by the U.S. Department of Justice through Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). State laws have captured a substantial part of physicians’ obligation in that they have shaped the American view of patients’ rights concerning treatments. In addition, acts such as the American Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 have captured the obligations of the physicians to offer treatment to physicians. These regulations define the responsibilities and duties of physicians in times of epidemics among other things.

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