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Improving the Well-Being of Individuals Living with HIV/AIDS

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Introduction

People living with HIV/AID have been the most challenging ailment because there is no any proved medication which is curing the disease. They therefore mainly depend on medical care which improves their health status to live much longer. I have been hired recently by a community mental health center which serves a large metropolitan area. In the organization I am expected to join other professionals with an aim of developing programs which will improve the well-being of individuals who are living with HIV/AIDS.

For the excise to be successful it is paramount that each of the team members understands the research which is done on individual who are living with HIV/AIDS. The main objectives which the team should be able achieve in the research is to understand the factors which influences well-being of individuals living with HIV/AIDS and the interventions which could be beneficial to this group of individuals. The research will obtain the necessary materials from the articles which are written about how to improve the wellbeing of people living with HIV/Aids. Therefore, the research shall summarize the articles and obtain the necessary skills and background information required in formulation of a successful medical program which will take care of patients living with HIV/Aids.

AIDS-related mortality and Meaning of CD4 decline

According to the research which was done by Bower (1998) among others in their article which they published in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, they did a research which investigated on whether HIV-related stressor is in any way associated with changes in immunity status of people living with HIV/Aids. The research was done on forty HIV seropositive men who have been recently diagnosed with AIDs.

The men who were included in the research enabled the research team to understand Aids related mortality rate and its causes so that they would implement control measures which would mitigate such loss. The research also evaluated on the CD4 T cell levels of the patients and how the rates are related to mortality of the patients. The result of the research was meant to be linked with positive health outcomes and immunologic.

The article also emphasized on the importance of how people living with Aids are affected by the way they respond to stressful life events. According to the research which was done it was evident that people who are not able to handle their stress have high possibility of influencing their immune status and mostly their physical health. Therefore, it is advisable for people who are living with Aids to control and stressful events which they encounter and make sure they are able to control such stress. This will be beneficial because they will be to improve their immune status. The study which was done in the field of psychoneuroimmunology proved that exposure to stressful experiences is associated with changes which occur in human immune system.

Cognitive behavioral stress management

According to Carrico Et al (2005) good stress management for people living with Aids enable them to avoid encounter with stressor. They are therefore able to control their moodiness which in turn boosts their immunity. One of the most effective methods which were discovered which enables the patients to respond to stressful experience is to confront the reality of the stressor and be able to effectively consider its implication on someone. For someone to effectively cope with these experiences they are required to rework on the assumptions about the world to be able to accommodate the situation in which they are. The research also concluded that cognitive processing would be associated with physical and well-being which follows a stressful experience. Those people who are able to control stressors visited health centers less frequently and are much healthier and generally happy as compared to those who have been undergoing stressful moments.   

Aerobic Exercise intervention

According to O’Brien Et al 2004 use of aerobics and exercising improves the wellbeing, body fitness and image of people who are living with Aid’s. The research conducted also proved that exercising would be used as strategy by health providers to mitigate chronic health problems which are caused by HIV infections. It was evident that effects of aerobics were mostly effective to those who were participating in excises and aerobic often or at intervals.

The research proved that use of aerobic exercises improves on the heath of patients living with Aids. Therefore, it is encouraged most patients to be actively involved in aerobics as they have proved too beneficial and safe to the adults who have been participating in it. After the analysis of the research which was done it concluded that it’s advisable to have at least 20 minutes of excises three times a week for it to be effective to people living with Aids. Such excises were found to be helpful by improving psychological wellbeing and cardiopulmonary fitness.

Effect of social effect

According to Pakenham Et al. (1994) people who are living with aids needs a lot of emotional support as most of them are stigmatized and the society does not support them. Following the research which was done and published in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology it was evident that social support by the society in which they live improves on their wellbeing and promotes their activities in the society.

Due to social support by the society they would feel that they are loved and valued hence they would participate actively to activities of the society. Socialization also makes them have a feeling that they are valued by the society in which they live and such positive aspect of life makes them to be more psychologically aware that they are not an outcast. It is evident that cultural backgrounds and ways of life which do not support those who were living with Aids are most prone to be in more risks of their health deteriorating as they do not have moral support by the society which has positive psychological effects. Social support in a society would be promoted by social workers, Non governmental organizations, religious organizations and society in general should participate actively in activities which will promote social support to the patients living with Aids.

Behavioral counseling interventions

According to Schreibman & Friedland, (2003) counseling is very important in promotion of health living of people who are living with aids. According to the research done non punitive and supportive counseling provides a comfortable setting which provides a motivational interviewing and interactive counseling. During such sessions people who are living with Aids have opportunity of discussing their worries with counselors who in turn supports them with advice on what is expected of them.

The other effective mode of counseling which also proved to be effective is goal directed counseling. This type of counseling is determined by the counselors after evaluating the states of people who are living with aids and indentify what kind of counseling they require. This type of counseling is effective mostly to a large population and would be used in a form of seminar or training gathering which materials to be trained are prepared in advance to meet the need of the group which is being counseled. The other form of counseling is individualized counseling which the counselor tailor the training to meet the needs of an individual hence it is highly personalized.

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