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Many books that revolve around the history lifestyle and culture of Mexico have been written by different authors. One of the authors is David William Foster in his book review of Mexican literature having a history of studies of modern fiction. The volume of the book is 42 and number 1, spring 1996. He edited this book from the Mexican literature a history by the University of Texas. The study of modern fictions about the Mexican literary history considerately sees the sights of the generic categories, intellectual contexts and cultural forces that informed and shaped a distinguishing Mexican fictional tradition. In this book David, puts together a number of essays which re- contextualize the works of canonicals since the colonial period to the current. Moreover, these articles pull through the important contributions of the texts that are non-canonical from the pre-Columbian era, spotting to the ineradicable influence of the native people on pre-modern and modern Mexican history and culture (Foster 1994).

The author was inspired in large measure to help support the exploited and the oppressed and oppose capitalism that was evident in the place. He struggles for justice so that the difficulties faced by the nation can be eradicated. David wants people to recognize the libertarian roots and anarchist of the Mexican Revolution. In addition, so that people may understand that Mexican history has been the history of class struggle between labor and capital and to see and appreciate the roles of women and native people in this complicated history. The author’s sympathy for the discriminated and his high regard for those who are engaged in social struggle and passion for evolutionary change make the reader eager to know the final results of his targets.

Foster has a rich literary heritage that goes back to the Mayan and Aztec civilizations. He focuses on a social and cultural perspective. He examines the in-depth of the fictional phenomena that make up the most significant and innovative contributions to literature in Mexico. Foster’s book that is a revised edition gives a number of criticisms on seventy eight writers of Mexico in all periods and genres. He also updates coverage such as critical essays in academics and monographs, fictional-cultural journals and intellectual in Mexico, Latin, Europe and the United States. These texts show a complicated Mesoamerican society created upon a model of social organization that is the same as that of the European. Moreover, he states that the main objective is to go after the guide of Francisco Pimentel in sending away America pre-Columbian culture (Foster, 1994).

The first two articles of the book speak about the pre-Columbian and Colonial eras respectively. It cites the tendency of many fictional historians of the tradition of Mexico of the book was to allow authors to write commentaries that are fairly detailed on the works of that may help in considering the definition of the constraints of Mexican literature. Foster’s research interests center of attention is urban culture in Latin America, with highlighting on concerns of sexual identity and gender construction. He has written comprehensively on Argentine narrative and theater, and he has held teaching appointments in various places.

During the 20th century, Mexico has changed so much. The contemporary life in its cities in many ways has become the same as that of Europe and United States. Most of the Mexican people in the village follow the ancient way of life more than the city people. Foster was determined that things could change through a unforeseen and sudden explosion otherwise life in Mexico would be hard and long. This is because there are no obvious or easy solutions when there are so many factors which complicate the situation nationally and internationally.

Mexican literature speaks about the historical attractions from the past ruins of the Maya, Olmecs and Aztec to the train routes by the legendary that are found in Mexico. These historical attractions are ranked as the second only to the Cancun beaches and Alpcaulco is the major reason people come. This is because the story of the past of Mexico, together with devastating amount of remains that are physical, is romantic, dramatic, blood-curling and complicated as it gets. In around 1000 BC, the first of the ancient civilizations in Mexico, that is the Olmecs, instituted themselves in what are now known as the states of Veracruz and Tabasco (Pena, 1968). They built cities, worshipped a jaguar God, constructed immense stone head carvings, and occupied the southern and central Mexico until their civilization inexplicably vanished at around 400BC.

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Despite the fact that the Olmecs went with some artifacts and left a few behind, they were able to influence other cultures. Many of the civilizations performed human sacrifice in order to balance the earthly and spiritual realms and calm down their pantheons of gods. This was a fact that had always overshadowed their enormous achievements in the disciplines of astronomy, mathematics, architecture, art, textile weaving and pottery. For instance, the Maya had advanced greatly in astronomy and mathematics that they had the most accurate calendar in the world until the current century. They were also able to predict the lunar and solar eclipse. The most outspoken pre-Columbian civilization in Mexico is the Aztecs.

Despite the fact that there is a debate that the other civilizations in Mexico had achieved greater scientific and artistic feats, none had advanced as fast or powered as much territory (Rodriguez, 1989). Mexico has fertile plains and huge mineral wealth. The seeds that had not been planted in the soil during the time of Mexican independence were planted during the time of napoleon defeated Spain in the year 1808, when the conqueror from French placed his brother on the throne of Spain. This is a man who tried to change talk to actions and he succeeded so much. One of the achievements he made was leading an armed rebellion in the year 1810 though in due course, he was captured and executed.

The book continues to write on the post revolution history of Mexico which is marked by the persistence of a single political party. It states that over the last sixty years, Mexico has been characterized by rapid growth of population, industrial expansion and political domination. In 1980s, the first six years, things decreased as a result of the world economy that was becoming competitive. Vast seriousness and strict debt reformation measures became a direct consequence of that decade for the economy of Mexico. In the past few years, the government of Mexico has carefully tried to guide a new prosperous Mexico in the trend of becoming an economy of the first world. Nevertheless, and despite the struggle in collaborating itself as one of the partners in trade within the United States and Canada unpredicted economical and political events in the early days of 1990s have worked against it in order to delay achievement of the target (Miller, 1989).

The next few pages of foster’s book gives a summary of the evolution of the people in Mexico since the first people to settle to the present day reformation of the economy of Mexico. This important information is believed to have an historical insight and to have a better understanding of significant events of 500 years ago. These events were direct reflections of the state of Mexico, as a promising and young economy currently and more significant in future (Foster, 2009).

On one hand, the book is compendium which is tightly packed of Mexico’s history of revolution which encourages readers to study it. The book puts more emphasis on the importance of women in the in the society and the role of the native people which is the absolute desire of internationalism. Additionally, the topics in the book are well covered and it is truly a book that is excellent. The experience of the colonial period is detailed well with the sections on the Indian resistance to exploitation and the role of women in the community including childbirth and marriage.

On the other hand, the book has been pointed out that it has some weaknesses. It has been written in prose form which may isolate readers. Readers who have not familiarized with modern Mexico would find it hard because of the compactly compiled pages filled with scores of names of writers, suggestions to various interpretations of events and a lot of important happenings. It is not like the original book of Mexican literature which developed and raised important social, economic and political aspects. It has also been criticized for its attempt to slight the colonial experience (Cortes, 1992).

In conclusion the book gives an accurate background of the history, culture and lifestyle in Mexico. It moves through the consideration of the significance of the struggles of independence in the nineteenth century. It also gives a detailed experience during the Mexican Revolution and on the aspects of the importance life of Mexicans in the present day. Furthermore, it emphasizes on the historical experiences of the large number of people, especially those of mixed and indigenous ancestry, through their struggle to come and overturn the systems obligated to them by foreign and domestic elites.

The book has been researched well hence; a multidisciplinary book as far as Mexican history is concerned. Since it is edited, it shows the efforts made by William Foster in devoting his energies to analyze each and every single aspect of the heartbreaking and glorious history of Mexico. A remarkable effort has been made and it is recommended to anyone with interest in Mexican culture, history and politics to read.

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